How to redirect a wordpress website based on country?


To redirect a WordPress website based on the visitor’s country, you can use a combination of geolocation services and custom code or plugins. Here’s how you can achieve this:

Using a Plugin

The easiest way is to use a plugin that handles geolocation and redirection for you. One popular plugin for this purpose is GeoTargeting WP. Here’s how to set it up:

Step 1: Install the Plugin:
  • Go to your WordPress dashboard.
  • Navigate to Plugins > Add New.
  • Search for “GeoTargeting WP” and install it.
  • Activate the plugin.
Step 2: Configure the Plugin:
  • Follow the plugin instructions to set up your API key and configure your geolocation settings.
  • Use the plugin’s settings to define the redirection rules based on country.
Using Custom Code

If you prefer a custom code solution, you can use the GeoIP2 database provided by MaxMind. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

1. Download the GeoIP2 Database:
  • Sign up for a MaxMind account and download the free GeoLite2 Country database from MaxMind’s website.
2. Install the MaxMind DB Reader PHP Library:
  • You need to install the MaxMind DB Reader PHP library using Composer. If you don’t have Composer installed, you can download it from
  • Run the following command in your terminal:
composer require geoip2/geoip2
3. Upload the Database and Library to Your Server:
  • Upload the GeoLite2 database and the vendor folder (created by Composer) to your server.
4. Add Custom Code to Your Theme’s functions.php File:
  • Add the following code to your theme’s functions.php file. Adjust the redirection logic as needed:
use GeoIp2\Database\Reader;

function geo_redirect_by_country() { 
// Path to the GeoLite2 database 
$databaseFile = '/path/to/GeoLite2-Country.mmdb';

// Include the Composer autoload file require_once '/path/to/vendor/autoload.php';

// Get the visitor's IP address $ipAddress = $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];

 try { // Create a new Reader object $reader = new Reader($databaseFile);

// Get the country information for the IP address $record = $reader->country($ipAddress); $countryCode = $record->country->isoCode;

// Define your redirection logic 
if ($countryCode == 'US') { 
wp_redirect(''); exit; 
} elseif ($countryCode == 'CA') { wp_redirect(''); exit; 
} // Add more conditions as needed

 } catch (Exception $e) {
 // Handle errors 

add_action('template_redirect', 'geo_redirect_by_country');
Additional Notes
  1. Test Thoroughly: Ensure you test the redirection thoroughly to avoid disrupting user experience.
  2. Handle IP Geolocation Limitations: Geolocation based on IP is not always accurate. Consider informing users or providing an option to switch manually if they are redirected incorrectly.
  3. Legal Considerations: Be aware of privacy laws and regulations regarding user data and geolocation.

This approach should enable you to redirect visitors based on their country effectively. If you encounter any issues or need further assistance, feel free to ask!

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